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Cohan, C., Dunkel-Schetter, C., & Lydon, J. (1993). Pregnancy decision-making: Predictors of early stress and adjustment. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 17, 223-239.



Pregnancy decision making was examined among pregnant and non-  pregnant women seeking pregnancy testing. The majority of women had  decided upon and were certain of a decision to either abort or carry a  possible pregnancy before learning the pregnancy-test results. Adjustment to pregnancy decision making was examined longitudinally  among the women who tested positive for pregnancy. Pregnant participants were interviewed about their decisions to carry or abort their  pregnancies at three times-immediately prior to pregnancy testing, a day after receiving positive test results, and 4 weeks later. Nearly all  maintained their original decision over the course of the study. Adjustment was related primarily to which outcome was chosen and, to a  lesser degree, to whether a woman was initially decided or not upon  the outcome. The time surrounding pregnancy testing was stressful for  women who decided to abort their pregnancies. However, negative  feelings at the time of pregnancy testing among those who later aborted their pregnancies subsided by the end of the study and did not differ  from those who carried their pregnancies

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